Where To Buy Smart Pills
So-called "smart drugs" offer the promise of immediate and tangible cognitive benefits, but how effective are they really? In this guest post, Camilla d'Angelo takes a look at cognitive enhancers and asks whether, by focusing on quick fixes rather than adopting a healthy lifestyle, we are undermining our well being.
where to buy smart pills
When it comes to coping with exam stress or meeting that looming deadline, the prospect of a "smart drug" that could help you focus, learn and think faster is very seductive. At least this is what current trends on university campuses suggest. Just as you might drink a cup of coffee to help you stay alert, an increasing number of students and academics are turning to prescription drugs to boost academic performance.
So-called "smart drugs" are being used off-label for their apparent cognitive enhancing effects. Cognition is the way in which we acquire, process and store information, so the drugs are promising better memorization and attention in normal, healthy people.
Popular smart drugs on the market include methylphenidate (commonly known as Ritalin) and amphetamine (Adderall), stimulants normally used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD. In recent years, another drug called modafinil has emerged as the new favourite amongst college students. Primarily used to treat excessive sleepiness associated with the sleep disorder narcolepsy, modafinil increases alertness and energy.
If smart drugs are the synthetic cognitive enhancers, sleep, nutrition and exercise are the "natural" ones. But the appeal of drugs like Ritalin and modafinil lies in their purported ability to enhance brain function beyond the norm. Indeed, at school or in the workplace, a pill that enhanced the ability to acquire and retain information would be particularly useful when it came to revising and learning lecture material. But despite their increasing popularity, do prescription stimulants actually enhance cognition in healthy users?
Clearly, the hype surrounding drugs like modafinil and methylphenidate is unfounded. These drugs are beneficial in treating cognitive dysfunction in patients with Alzheimer's, ADHD or schizophrenia, but it's unlikely that today's enhancers offer significant cognitive benefits to healthy users. In fact, taking a smart pill is probably no more effective than exercising or getting a good night's sleep.
Reports in the popular press suggest that smart drugs or "nootropics" such as methylphenidate, modafinil and piracetam are increasingly being used by the healthy to augment cognitive ability. Although current nootropics offer only modest improvements in cognitive performance, it appears likely that more effective compounds will be developed in the future and that their off-label use will increase. One sphere in which the use of these drugs may be commonplace is by healthy students within academia. This article reviews the ethical and pragmatic implications of nootropic use in academia by drawing parallels with issues relevant to the drugs in sport debate. It is often argued that performance-enhancing drugs should be prohibited because they create an uneven playing field. However, this appears dubious given that "unfair" advantages are already ubiquitous and generally tolerated by society. There are concerns that widespread use will indirectly coerce non-users also to employ nootropics in order to remain competitive. However, to restrict the autonomy of all people for fear that it may influence the actions of some is untenable. The use of potentially harmful drugs for the purposes of enhancement rather than treatment is often seen as unjustified, and libertarian approaches generally champion the rights of the individual in deciding if these risks are acceptable. Finally, whether the prohibition of nootropics can be effectively enforced is doubtful. As nootropics use becomes widespread among students in the future, discussion of this issue will become more pressing in the years to come.
The idea that a pill can supersize human intelligence is decidedly science fiction. But plenty of real-world researchers and drug-makers are working to develop nootropics: pills, supplements and other substances designed to improve various aspects of cognition.
Smart Pills contains five main ingredients, all chosen for their scientifically documented effects and absence of toxicity. As always, Supersmart has taken the utmost care to use only the highest quality raw materials for each of these ingredients.
1) Improvement by bacosides of transmission of nerve impulses. These compounds repair damage to neurons by inducing kinase activity and neuron synthesis, and by restoring synaptic activity (16). They exert antioxidant effects at several levels in all areas of the brain, particularly in astrocytes and fibroblasts where they protect against damage to DNA (17).
Taurine has excellent bioavailability when ingested: it rapidly enters the bloodstream, crossing the blood-brain barrier with the aid of specific carriers to reach the brain parenchyma where it joins endogenously produced taurine.
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First off, overwhelming evidence suggests that smart drugs actually work. A meta-analysis by researchers at Harvard Medical School and Oxford showed that Modafinil has significant cognitive benefits for those who do not suffer from sleep deprivation. The drug improves their ability to plan and make decisions and has a positive effect on learning and creativity. Another study, by researchers at Imperial College London, showed that Modafinil helped sleep-deprived surgeons become better at planning, redirecting their attention, and being less impulsive when making decisions.
Can smart drugs lead to a better life outside of work? Perhaps the strongest argument against the use of smart drugs is that it could lead to an ever-intensified corporate rat race. It is clear that we are currently distressingly incapable of drawing a clear boundary between work and nonwork.
In other words, smart drugs could be used to alleviate stress while also making us more productive. In theory, we could work shorter hours in a more focused and productive manner, rather than long hours in an unfocused and unproductive way.
It enhanced the function of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine via muscarinic receptors , and affected N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in rat models in vivo, increasing cell membrane permeability . Piracetam has also been found to increase oxygen consumption in the brain and, in connection with adenosine triphosphate metabolism, it increased adenylate kinase activity in vivo in the rat brain . It appears to increase the synthesis of cytochrome b5 , which is involved in the mechanism of electron transport in mitochondria, where it also increases permeability. It alleviated the intensity of hypoxia-induced nerve cell damage, improved interhemispheric transmission, and increased glucose metabolism in the rat brain . Piracetam has been tested for stroke, unconsciousness, treatment of withdrawal symptoms from alcoholism, and prevention of alcohol-induced hypoxia [81,82]. It also improved brain function in rat models affected by xenobiotics .
Depressants that produce sedation, induce sleep, relieve anxiety and prevent seizures. Available in prescription pills, syrup and injectable preparation. Prescribed as Valium, Xanax, Restoril, Ativan, Klonopin
The images of legitimate and fake pills are examples and do not represent the many variations of fake pills. Never trust your own eyes to determine if a pill is legitimate. The only safe medications are ones prescribed by a trusted medical professional and dispensed by a licensed pharmacist.
Actually, researchers are studying substances that may improve mentalabilities. These substances are called "cognitive enhancers" or "smartdrugs" or "nootropics." ("Nootropic" comes from Greek - "noos" = mind and"tropos" = changed, toward, turn). The supposed effects of cognitiveenhancement can be several things. For example, it could mean improvementof memory, learning, attention, concentration, problem solving, reasoning,social skills, decision making and planning.
In most cases, cognitive enhancers have been used to treatpeople with neurological or mental disorders, but there is a growingnumber of healthy, "normal" people who use these substances in hopes ofgetting smarter. Although there are many companies that make "smart"drinks, smart power bars and diet supplements containing certain "smart"chemicals, there is little evidence to suggest that these products reallywork. Results from different laboratories show mixed results; some labsshow positive effects on memory and learning; other labs show no effects. There are very few well-designed studies using normal healthy people.
Some smart drugs can be found in health food stores; othersare imported or are drugs that are intended for other disorders such asAlzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. There are many Internet websites, books, magazines and newspaper articles detailing the supposedeffects of smart drugs. There are also plenty of advertisements andmail-order businesses that try to sell "smart drugs" to the public.However, rarely do these businesses or the popular press report resultsthat show the failure of smart drugs to improve memory or learning. Rather, they try to show that their products have miraculous effects onthe brain and can improve mental functioning. Wouldn't it be easy tolearn something by "popping a pill" or drinking a soda laced with a smartdrug? This would be much easier than taking the time to study. Feelingdull? Take your brain in for a mental tune up by popping a pill! 041b061a72