Keyboard Keys Names PDF: How to Customize, Remap, and Clean Your Keyboard
[ ] Symbols Enter symbols ### Control Keys These are the keys that modify the function of other keys or perform specific actions. They include: Key Name Function --- --- --- Ctrl Control Modify other keys or perform shortcuts Alt Alternate Modify other keys or access menus Shift Shift Modify other keys or enter uppercase letters Fn Function Modify other keys or access special functions Tab Tabulator Move the cursor to the next tab stop Enter Enter Confirm an action or start a new line Esc Escape Cancel an action or close a window Backspace Backspace Delete the character to the left of the cursor Delete Delete Delete the character to the right of the cursor Insert Insert Toggle between insert and overwrite mode Home Home Move the cursor to the beginning of a line End End Move the cursor to the end of a line PgUp Page Up Move the cursor up one page PgDn Page Down Move the cursor down one page ### Special Keys These are the keys that have a special function or status. They include: Key Name Function --- --- --- Caps Lock Caps Lock Toggle between uppercase and lowercase letters Num Lock Num Lock Toggle between numeric and directional keys on the numpad Scroll Lock Scroll Lock Toggle between scrolling and cursor movement Prt Scrn Print Screen Capture a screenshot of the entire screen Pause Pause Pause or resume a program or process Break Break Interrupt or terminate a program or process Windows Windows Open the Start menu or perform shortcuts Menu Menu Open the context menu or perform shortcuts F1-F12 Function Keys Perform various functions depending on the program ### Multimedia Keys These are the keys that control multimedia functions such as volume, playback, brightness, etc. They may vary depending on the keyboard model and manufacturer. Some examples are: Key Name Function --- --- --- Volume Up/Down/Mute Volume Keys Adjust or mute the volume Play/Pause/Stop/Next/Previous Playback Keys Control media playback Brightness Up/Down Brightness Keys Adjust the screen brightness Eject Eject Key Eject a disc from the optical drive ## Keyboard Layouts and Keycodes The names and functions of keyboard keys may differ depending on the keyboard layout and keycode. A keyboard layout is a set of rules that defines how the keys are arranged on the keyboard and how they correspond to characters or commands. A keycode is a numerical value that identifies a specific key on the keyboard. Different countries and regions may use different keyboard layouts to accommodate different languages, alphabets, or writing systems. For example, the US keyboard layout uses QWERTY as the first six letters on the top row, while the UK keyboard layout uses QWERTY with some minor differences. Other keyboard layouts include AZERTY, QWERTZ, Dvorak, Colemak, etc. Different operating systems and programs may use different keycodes to recognize keyboard input. For example, Windows uses virtual keycodes (VK) and scan codes (SC) to identify keys, while AutoHotkey uses its own key names and symbols. The same physical key may have different keycodes depending on the context. To find out the name and keycode of any key on your keyboard, you can use a tool like AutoHotkey. AutoHotkey is a free and open-source scripting language that allows you to create macros, hotkeys, and automation for Windows. You can use AutoHotkey to detect the name and keycode of any key by following these steps: 1. Download and install AutoHotkey from [https://www.autohotkey.com/](#). 2. Create a new text file with any name and extension .ahk (e.g., KeyTest.ahk). 3. Open the file with a text editor and paste the following code: ``` #SingleInstance Force #NoEnv SetBatchLines -1 ListLines Off #InstallKeybdHook #InstallMouseHook *LButton:: *RButton:: *MButton:: *XButton1:: *XButton2:: KeyWait % A_ThisHotkey ToolTip % "Key Name:`t" A_ThisHotkey "`nVK:`t" GetKeyVK(A_ThisHotkey) "`nSC:`t" GetKeySC(A_ThisHotkey) SetTimer RemoveToolTip, 2000 return RemoveToolTip: SetTimer RemoveToolTip, Off ToolTip return GetKeyVK(Key) return Format(":x", GetKeyState(Key, "VK")) GetKeySC(Key) return Format(":x", GetKeyState(Key, "SC")) ``` 4. Save and run the file by double-clicking it. 5. Press any key on your keyboard or mouse and you will see a tooltip with its name, VK, and SC. 6. To exit the script, right-click on its icon in the system tray and select Exit. ## How to Customize Keyboard Keys You may want to customize your keyboard keys for various reasons. For example, you may want to change the function of a key, assign a shortcut to a key, or change the appearance of a key. There are different ways to customize your keyboard keys depending on your needs and preferences. ### How to Use Software Tools to Remap or Reassign Keyboard Keys tools to remap or reassign keyboard keys. Remapping means changing the function of a key to another key, while reassigning means changing the function of a key to a command, macro, or program. There are many software tools available for this purpose, such as SharpKeys, KeyTweak, AutoHotkey, etc. Each tool has its own features and limitations, so you should choose the one that suits your needs and preferences. For example, if you want to use SharpKeys to remap your keyboard keys, you can follow these steps: 1. Download and install SharpKeys from [https://github.com/randyrants/sharpkeys/releases](#). 2. Run SharpKeys and click on Add. 3. In the Add New Key Mapping window, select the key you want to change from the left list and the key you want to change it to from the right list. You can also type the key or click on Type Key to detect it automatically. 4. Click on OK and repeat steps 2-4 for any other keys you want to remap. 5. Click on Write to Registry and restart your computer for the changes to take effect. 6. To undo the changes, run SharpKeys again and click on Delete All or select individual mappings and click on Delete. ### How to Use Stickers or Labels to Change Keyboard Key Names Another way to customize your keyboard keys is to use stickers or labels to change their names. This can be useful if you want to change the language or layout of your keyboard, or if you want to personalize your keyboard with different colors or designs. You can buy ready-made stickers or labels online or in stores, or you can make your own using paper, glue, scissors, etc. For example, if you want to use stickers to change your keyboard layout from QWERTY to Dvorak, you can follow these steps: 1. Buy or make stickers with Dvorak key names. Make sure they are the right size and shape for your keyboard keys. 2. Clean your keyboard keys with a cloth and alcohol or water to remove any dirt or dust. 3. Peel off the stickers and carefully place them on the corresponding keys. Press firmly and smooth out any bubbles or wrinkles. 4. Enjoy your new keyboard layout. ## Conclusion In this article, we have explained what are keyboard keys, how they are named and grouped, how they differ depending on the keyboard layout and keycode, how you can customize them using software tools or stickers, and how you can download a PDF file with keyboard key names from this article. We hope you have found this article informative and helpful. If you want to learn more about keyboard keys and their functions, you can download our PDF file with keyboard key names by clicking on the link below. [Download Keyboard Keys Names PDF](#) Thank you for reading this article. We appreciate your time and attention. ## FAQs Q: What is the difference between a physical key and a logical key? A: A physical key is the actual key on your keyboard that you press with your finger. A logical key is the character or command that is produced by pressing a physical key. For example, when you press the physical key A on a QWERTY keyboard layout, it produces the logical key A. However, when you press the same physical key A on a Dvorak keyboard layout, it produces the logical key '. The same physical key can produce different logical keys depending on the keyboard layout. Q: How can I type special characters or symbols using keyboard keys? A: There are different ways to type special characters or symbols using keyboard keys depending on your operating system and program. Some common ways are: - Using Alt codes: Hold down the Alt key and type a numeric code on the numpad (e.g., Alt+0169 for ). You can find a list of Alt codes online or in your program's help menu. - Using Character Map: Open Character Map from Start > Accessories > System Tools (Windows) or Applications > Utilities (Mac). Select a font and a character and click on Copy. Paste it in your program using Ctrl+V (Windows) or Command+V (Mac). - Using Keyboard Shortcuts: Use a combination of keys to type a special character or symbol (e.g., Ctrl+Alt+C for in Word). You can find a list of keyboard shortcuts online or in your program's help menu. Q: How can I clean my keyboard keys without damaging them? A: You can clean your keyboard keys without damaging them by following these steps: - Turn off your computer and unplug your keyboard. - Use a soft cloth and alcohol or water to wipe the surface of the keys. Avoid using any abrasive or corrosive substances that may damage the keys. - Use a cotton swab and alcohol or water to clean the gaps between the keys. Be careful not to let any liquid drip into the keyboard. - Use a can of compressed air or a vacuum cleaner to blow away any dust or debris from the keyboard. - Let the keyboard dry completely before plugging it back in and turning on your computer. Q: How can I fix a stuck or broken keyboard key? A: You can fix a stuck or broken keyboard key by following these steps: - Turn off your computer and unplug your keyboard. - Use a small screwdriver or a knife to pry off the key cap from the key switch. Be careful not to damage the key cap or the key switch. - Check if there is any dirt, dust, or debris that is causing the key to stick or malfunction. Use a cotton swab and alcohol or water to clean the key switch and the key cap. You can also use a can of compressed air or a vacuum cleaner to blow away any dust or debris from the keyboard. - Check if there is any damage to the key switch or the key cap. If the key switch is broken, you may need to replace it with a new one. If the key cap is broken, you may need to glue it back together or replace it with a new one. - Snap the key cap back onto the key switch and press it firmly until it clicks into place. - Plug your keyboard back in and turn on your computer. Test if the key is working properly. Q: How can I learn to type faster and more accurately using keyboard keys? A: You can learn to type faster and more accurately using keyboard keys by following these tips: - Use proper posture and position. Sit comfortably and align your eyes, keyboard, and screen. Keep your wrists straight and your fingers curved over the home row keys (ASDF for left hand and JKL; for right hand). - Use touch typing. Touch typing is a method of typing without looking at the keyboard. It relies on muscle memory and finger coordination to type quickly and accurately. To learn touch typing, you can use online tutorials, games, or software programs that teach you how to type with all ten fingers. - Practice regularly. Practice makes perfect. The more you practice typing, the more you will improve your speed and accuracy. You can practice typing by using online tests, exercises, or texts that challenge your typing skills. - Monitor your progress. You can monitor your progress by using online tools or software programs that measure your typing speed (words per minute) and accuracy (error rate). You can also set goals and track your improvement over time.
keyboard keys names pdf download