Tafseer Roohul Maani Urdu pdf: How This Tafseer Combines the External and Internal Meanings of the Quran
Tafseer Roohul Maani Urdu pdf: A Comprehensive and Insightful Commentary on the Quran
The Quran is the word of Allah, the most high, revealed to His final messenger, Muhammad (peace be upon him), as a guidance for all mankind. The Quran contains many meanings, lessons, wisdoms, and miracles that can only be fully appreciated by those who study it with sincerity and understanding. One of the ways to achieve this understanding is by reading and learning from the tafseer (exegesis) of the Quran, which is the explanation of its verses by the scholars who have mastered its sciences.
Among the many tafseers that have been written throughout history, one of the most comprehensive and insightful ones is Tafseer Roohul Maani, authored by Imam Shihabuddin Al-Alusi (d. 1270 AH/1854 CE), a renowned scholar from Baghdad. This tafseer is considered to be one of the best examples of combining the external and internal meanings of the Quran, as well as balancing between the literal and figurative interpretations. In this article, we will explore what makes Tafseer Roohul Maani a unique and valuable commentary on the Quran, and how we can benefit from reading and downloading its Urdu translation in pdf format.
The Author of Tafseer Roohul Maani: Imam Shihabuddin Al-Alusi
Imam Shihabuddin Mahmud bin Abdur Rahman Al-Alusi was born in Baghdad in 1217 AH/1802 CE. He belonged to a family of scholars who traced their lineage back to Imam Abu Hanifa (d. 150 AH/767 CE), the founder of one of the four schools of Islamic jurisprudence. Imam Al-Alusi was a prodigy who memorized the Quran at a young age and mastered various Islamic sciences such as tafsir, hadith, fiqh, usul al-fiqh, kalam, tasawwuf, history, literature, and poetry. He studied under many eminent scholars of his time, such as Sheikh Abdur Rahman Al-Kawakibi (d. 1235 AH/1820 CE) and Sheikh Muhammad Mahdi Al-Bahrani (d. 1259 AH/1843 CE).
Imam Al-Alusi was also a prolific writer who authored more than 100 books on various topics. His most famous work is Tafseer Roohul Maani, which he began writing in 1247 AH/1831 CE and completed in 1268 AH/1852 CE. He dedicated this work to his son Abdullah, who died at a young age. Imam Al-Alusi himself passed away two years later in 1270 AH/1854 CE at the age of 53.
Imam Al-Alusi's sources and methodology in writing Tafseer Roohul Maani were based on a thorough research and analysis of the previous tafseers, such as those by Ibn Jarir Al-Tabari (d. 310 AH/923 CE), Ibn Kathir (d. 774 AH/1373 CE), Al-Qurtubi (d. 671 AH/1273 CE), Al-Baydawi (d. 685 AH/1286 CE), Al-Zamakhshari (d. 538 AH/1144 CE), Al-Razi (d. 606 AH/1210 CE), Al-Nasafi (d. 710 AH/1310 CE), Al-Baghawi (d. 516 AH/1122 CE), Ibn Arabi (d. 638 AH/1240 CE), Al-Suyuti (d. 911 AH/1505 CE), Al-Shawkani (d. 1250 AH/1834 CE), among others. He also relied on the narrations from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) regarding the meanings of the Quranic verses.
Imam Al-Alusi's style and approach in explaining the meanings of the Quran were characterized by clarity, eloquence, depth, breadth, balance, moderation, originality, creativity, and spirituality. He used various tools and techniques to elucidate the Quranic text, such as linguistic analysis, grammatical parsing, rhetorical devices, logical arguments, historical context, thematic coherence, comparative study,
correlation with other verses, extraction of rulings and lessons, citation of poetry and proverbs, and reference to mystical and esoteric meanings. He also addressed some of the controversial and disputed issues in tafsir, such as abrogation, allegory, metaphor, ambiguity, and apparent contradiction. He presented the different opinions and arguments of the scholars on these issues, and then gave his own preference and opinion based on evidence and reasoning.
The Contents and Structure of Tafseer Roohul Maani
Tafseer Roohul Maani consists of 30 volumes, covering the entire Quran from Surah Al-Fatihah to Surah An-Nas. Each volume contains several chapters (juz), each chapter contains several sections (fasl), each section contains several parts (qism), and each part contains several pages (safha). The total number of pages in Tafseer Roohul Maani is about 10,000.
Imam Al-Alusi organized and presented his commentary on each surah and ayah of the Quran in a systematic and logical way. He began each surah with its name, its number of verses, its place of revelation (Meccan or Medinan), its relation to the previous and next surahs, its main theme and purpose, and its virtues and merits. He then proceeded to explain each verse in detail, starting with its recitation (tilawah), its variant readings (qira'at), its grammatical analysis (i'rab), its literal meaning (tafsir), its figurative meaning (ta'wil), its implications and applications (tafhim), its rulings and lessons (ta'lim), and its spiritual and mystical aspects (tadabbur). He also highlighted the coherence and connection between the verses within each surah, as well as between different surahs.
Imam Al-Alusi covered a wide range of topics and themes in his tafseer, such as the attributes and names of Allah, the stories of the prophets and their nations, the signs of Allah in the universe and in the human soul, the principles of faith and worship, the ethics and morals of Islam, the laws and regulations of Shariah, the history and biography of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them), the events of the past and the future, the challenges and trials of this world and the hereafter, the rewards and punishments of paradise and hellfire, the secrets and mysteries of the unseen realm, and many more.
The Benefits and Advantages of Tafseer Roohul Maani
Tafseer Roohul Maani is a treasure trove of knowledge and wisdom that can help us understand the Quran better. By reading and studying this tafseer, we can gain many benefits and advantages, such as:
We can learn about the linguistic beauty and eloquence of the Quranic text, as well as its grammatical structure and rhetorical devices.
We can comprehend the literal and figurative meanings of the Quranic words and phrases, as well as their implications and applications.
We can appreciate the coherence and connection between the Quranic verses within each surah, as well as between different surahs.
We can discover the historical context and circumstances of revelation for each verse, as well as its relation to other verses.
We can explore the different opinions and interpretations of the scholars on various issues in tafsir, as well as their arguments and evidences.
We can extract the rulings and lessons from each verse that are relevant to our beliefs, worship, ethics, morals, laws, regulations,
social relations, and personal development.
We can enrich our knowledge and faith by learning from the stories and examples of the prophets and their nations, as well as the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them).
We can reflect on the signs and wonders of Allah in the creation and in ourselves, as well as the events of the past and the future.
We can inspire ourselves to act upon the Quranic teachings and commands, as well as to avoid its prohibitions and warnings.
We can elevate our souls and hearts by contemplating on the spiritual and mystical meanings of the Quran, as well as its secrets and mysteries.
These are some of the benefits and advantages of Tafseer Roohul Maani that we can attain by reading and studying it. However, these benefits are not limited to those who can read Arabic, the language in which Imam Al-Alusi wrote his tafseer. Thanks to the efforts of some scholars and translators, Tafseer Roohul Maani is now available in Urdu, one of the most widely spoken languages in the Muslim world. By downloading Tafseer Roohul Maani Urdu pdf, we can access this valuable commentary on the Quran in a language that we can understand and relate to.
Tafseer Roohul Maani is a comprehensive and insightful commentary on the Quran that was written by Imam Shihabuddin Al-Alusi, a renowned scholar from Baghdad. It is one of the best examples of combining the external and internal meanings of the Quran, as well as balancing between the literal and figurative interpretations. It covers a wide range of topics and themes that are relevant to our understanding and application of the Quran. It also presents the different opinions and interpretations of the scholars on various issues in tafsir, as well as gives its own preference and opinion based on evidence and reasoning. By reading and studying Tafseer Roohul Maani, we can gain many benefits and advantages that can help us comprehend, appreciate, reflect, inspire, and elevate ourselves with the Quran. Moreover, by downloading Tafseer Roohul Maani Urdu pdf, we can access this valuable commentary on the Quran in a language that we can understand and relate to.
We hope that this article has given you a brief introduction to Tafseer Roohul Maani Urdu pdf, and has encouraged you to read and download it. We also hope that you will share this article with your friends and family who may be interested in learning more about this tafseer. May Allah bless us all with His guidance and success in this world and the hereafter. Ameen.
Here are some frequently asked questions about Tafseer Roohul Maani Urdu pdf with brief answers:
Where can I download Tafseer Roohul Maani Urdu pdf?You can download Tafseer Roohul Maani Urdu pdf from various websites that offer Islamic books in pdf format. One of them is archive.org, where you can find all 30 volumes of Tafseer Roohul Maani Urdu pdf for free.
Who translated Tafseer Roohul Maani into Urdu?Tafseer Roohul Maani was translated into Urdu by several scholars who worked under the supervision of Maulana Abdul Qadir Siddiqui (d. 1408 AH/1988 CE), a prominent scholar from Pakistan. The translation was completed in 1979 CE.
Is Tafseer Roohul Maani available in other languages besides Arabic and Urdu?Yes, Tafseer Roohul Maani has been translated into several other languages besides Arabic and Urdu, such as English, Persian, Turkish, Malayalam,
Indonesian, and Bengali.
How long does it take to read Tafseer Roohul Maani?It depends on your reading speed and comprehension level, as well as your time and interest. Tafseer Roohul Maani is a very detailed and lengthy commentary on the Quran, so it may take a long time to read it completely. However, you can also read it selectively or partially, depending on your needs and preferences. You can also use it as a reference book to look up specific verses or topics that you want to learn more about.
What are some other tafseers that I can read and download besides Tafseer Roohul Maani?There are many other tafseers that you can read and download besides Tafseer Roohul Maani, such as Tafseer Ibn Kathir, Tafseer Al-Qurtubi, Tafseer Al-Tabari, Tafseer Al-Jalalayn, Tafseer Al-Saadi, Tafseer Al-Muyassar, Tafseer As-Sa'di, Tafseer Al-Munir, Tafseer Al-Mizan, Tafseer Al-Kashshaf, Tafseer Al-Bahr Al-Muhit, Tafseer At-Tabari, Tafseer Anwar Al-Tanzil, Tafseer Ahsanul Bayan, Tafseer Ad-Durr Al-Manthur, and many more. You can find them in various languages and formats on different websites that offer Islamic books in pdf format.